InfoRM - Index for Risk Management
What is InfoRM?
The Index for Risk Management - InfoRM - is a way to understand and measure the risk of humanitarian crises and how the conditions that lead to them affect sustainable development. Such crises - the result of disasters, conflict and other drivers - affect tens of millions of people every year all over the world.
InfoRM can help identify where and why crises are likely to occur so we can reduce the risks, build people’s resilience and prepare and respond better. By doing this InfoRM aims to contribute to reducing the human suffering caused by crises and to sustainable development.
InfoRM is the first global, objective and transparent tool for understanding the risk of humanitarian crises.
- Global - InfoRM covers 191 countries at the national level and techniques for local level analysis are being developed.
- Open - All the data used in InfoRM is in the public domain and the InfoRM partnership includes many source organisations.
- Continuous - InfoRM is always available, regularly updated and includes at least five years of data to allow for trend analysis.
- Transparent - InfoRM’s methodology and sources are published.
- Flexible - InfoRM is a stand-alone risk index, but the methodology can be adapted to incorporate additional local or user-specific risks.
- Reliable - InfoRM is based on published scientific concepts and methods, and the data used is the best available.
InfoRM has been developed in response to recommendations by numerous organisations (for example, the World Bank and OCHA) to improve the common evidence basis for risk analysis, as well as the real demands of InfoRM partner organisations.
InfoRM is also intended to support action resulting from global policy processes, including the post-2015 framework for development and disaster risk reduction, the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit and the resilience ‘agenda’, around which many organisations are focusing their humanitarian and development work.
InfoRM is a risk-analysis tool that is designed to support decisions about crisis prevention, preparedness and response. InfoRM is not predictive, but it is a good way to take account of complex risk information in the decision-making process. Furthermore, InfoRM can help develop a shared understanding of risk so that all actors can target their resources in a coordinated and effective manner. However, InfoRM is just one tool. the decision-making process itself needs to be effective.
It is up to users to decide how they can use InfoRM. The following ‘use modes’ are suggestions:
- Prioritisation. The global results of InfoRM can be used to prioritise countries by risk, or any of its dimensions or components. This can support decisions on resource allocation.
- Risk profiling. The results of InfoRM for a single country are a risk profile, which shows the level of individual components of risk. This can support decisions about areas to focus programmes on to reduce risk.
- Trend analysis. The results of InfoRM are available for at least 5 years. This allows trend analysis on the level of risk and its components. Monitoring risk trends in this way can support decisions on adjustments in resource allocation and focus areas, as well as highlight needs for additional prevention or preparedness measures,
- Strategic evaluation. The results of InfoRM can be used to assess whether existing activities (either location or focus) are commensurate with risk.
InfoRM for you