β

The InfoRM index will be released in November 2014. For the sake of transparency and openness, the beta-version of the InfoRM index, released in January 2014, is available for download. The index and methodology is currently undergoing thorough analysis by InfoRM core partners, in particular on its performance and relevance in different sectors and the feasibility of adapting internal decision processes to use InfoRM. You're welcome to download and analyse InfoRM data, but please be cautious with your interpretation and carefully read the methodology and current limitations of InfoRM, as well as the future developments. Your feedback is welcome.


 InfoRM - Index for Risk Management

What is InfoRM? 

The Index for Risk Management - InfoRM - is a way to understand and measure the risk of humanitarian crises and how the conditions that lead to them affect sustainable development. Such crises - the result of disasters, conflict and other drivers - affect tens of millions of people every year all over the world.

InfoRM can help identify where and why crises are likely to occur so we can reduce the risks, build people’s resilience and prepare and respond better. By doing this InfoRM aims to contribute to reducing the human suffering caused by crises and to sustainable development.

Why InfoRM? 

InfoRM is the first global, objective and transparent tool for understanding the risk of humanitarian crises. 

InfoRM is:

  • Global - InfoRM covers 191 countries at the national level and techniques for local level analysis are being developed.
  • Open - All the data used in InfoRM is in the public domain and the InfoRM partnership includes many source organisations.
  • Continuous - InfoRM is always available, regularly updated and includes at least five years of data to allow for trend analysis. 
  • Transparent - InfoRM’s methodology and sources are published.
  • Flexible - InfoRM is a stand-alone risk index, but the methodology can be adapted to incorporate additional local or user-specific risks.
  • Reliable - InfoRM is based on published scientific concepts and methods, and the data used is the best available.

InfoRM has been developed in response to recommendations by numerous organisations (for example, the World Bank and OCHA) to improve the common evidence basis for risk analysis, as well as the real demands of InfoRM partner organisations.

InfoRM is also intended to support action resulting from global policy processes, including the post-2015 framework for development and disaster risk reduction, the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit and the resilience ‘agenda’, around which many organisations are focusing their humanitarian and development work.

Using InfoRM

InfoRM is a risk-analysis tool that is designed to support decisions about crisis prevention, preparedness and response. InfoRM is not predictive, but it is a good way to take account of complex risk information in the decision-making process. Furthermore, InfoRM can help develop a shared understanding of risk so that all actors can target their resources in a coordinated and effective manner. However, InfoRM is just one tool. the decision-making process itself needs to be effective.

Use modes

It is up to users to decide how they can use InfoRM. The following ‘use modes’ are suggestions:

  • Prioritisation. The global results of InfoRM can be used to prioritise countries by risk, or any of its dimensions or components. This can support decisions on resource allocation.
  • Risk profiling. The results of InfoRM for a single country are a risk profile, which shows the level of individual components of risk. This can support decisions about areas to focus programmes on to reduce risk.
  • Trend analysis. The results of InfoRM are available for at least 5 years. This allows trend analysis on the level of risk and its components. Monitoring risk trends in this way can support decisions on adjustments in resource allocation and focus areas, as well as highlight needs for additional prevention or preparedness measures,
  • Strategic evaluation. The results of InfoRM can be used to assess whether existing activities (either location or focus) are commensurate with risk.

InfoRM for you

METHODOLOGY

Overview - Results

InfoRM - an index for humanitarian risk management

InfoRM identifies the countries at a high risk of humanitarian crisis that are more likely to require international assistance. 

The InfoRM model is based on risk concepts published in scientific literature and envisages three dimensions of risk: Hazards & Exposure, Vulnerability and Lack of Coping Capacity. The InfoRM model is split into different levels to provide a quick overview of the underlying factors leading to humanitarian risk.  

The InfoRM index supports a proactive crisis management framework. It will be helpful for an objective allocation of resources for disaster management as well as for coordinated actions focused on anticipating, mitigating, and preparing for humanitarian emergencies.

The index adheres to the following principles:

Global coverage Data is often scarce in countries at high humanitarian risk where weak development or ongoing conflict prevents sound data management. The index will use datasets with broad global coverage and follow international standards for the calculation of missing values. While initially the index will be at national level, future development will aim for subnational analysis to distinguish regions of high risk in otherwise lower-risk countries. 
Openness the index will be based on evidence collectively gathered and owned by the public, agencies, governments, NGOs and academia, thereby increasing its acceptance and improving its rigour. The project includes agencies that generate much of the source data which will enhance timeliness and ensure proper interpretation of the data.
Continuity the index will include at least five years of historical data to allow for immediate trends analysis.
Transparency the index’s methodology and data sources will be published and available for review. A website will be established to allow users to download underlying data as well as the indexes.
Flexibility the index will be designed to operate as a standalone model to establish a common, basic understanding of risk. Recognizing that a global model cannot reflect the complex and sometimes unique factors affecting individual countries, or meet the specific needs of all humanitarian and resilience actors, the methodology will provide a framework for incorporating additional components to allow for more nuanced analysis of specific issues or geographic regions.

Dimensions

The risk of a humanitarian crisis is a function of hazards (events that could occur), vulnerability (the susceptibility of communities to those hazards) and capacity (resources available that can alleviate the impact). If we can measure and monitor risk at the country level, we can better prioritize resources and advocate for resilience, preparedness and humanitarian action. The same approach can be used within countries. Many organizations and governments undertake such risk analysis, however there is currently no global and common evidence-base which could provide a transparent, objective and shared understanding of humanitarian risk.

Read more in the methodology section.

RESULTS

Overview

How to use this map

The interactive map and graphs are using StatPlanet. Most elements of the map are configurable by clicking on them and setting options. The main options are:

fullscreen Show application on full screen
indicator Select the indicator to show in the map and graphs from the drop down list. The list is hierarchical.
region Select the region to show on the map. Only countries in that region will be shown.
graphtype Select graph type. The bubble graph allows you to compare two indicators (with a third one for the size of the bubbles). 
bubblebar
legend Click the legend to adjust the colour scale and classification thresholds.

Full documentation is available from the StatSilk website.